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Indicators & Data

Energy poverty is a multi-dimensional concept that is not easily captured by a single indicator. Our approach to measuring energy poverty has been to use a suite of indicators, which should be viewed and used in combination. Each indicator captures a slightly different aspect of the phenomenon. Our intention is that these indicators should be used to give a snapshot of energy poverty issues, which can then be explored in more detail in research and action projects. To find out more about the indicators, their calculation, interpretation and database, please read our methodology guidebook.

Primary Indicators

EPOV provides four different primary indicators for energy poverty, of which two are based on self-reported experiences of limited access to energy services (based on EU-SILC data) and the other two are calculated using household income and/or energy expenditure data (based on HBS data).

Primary indicator graph

Secondary Indicators

EPOV gathers data on a number of secondary indicators that are relevant in the context of energy poverty, but not directly indicators of energy poverty itself. Indicators include e.g. energy prices and housing-related data. Their development can be compared to the development of primary indicators in the graph tool when selecting a single country.

Secondary indicator graph