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This section contains scientific articles, reports and other documents related to energy poverty.

Fankhauser, S. and Tepic, S.

Low-income households spend a substantial share of their income on utility services such as electricity, heating and water. The difficulty of these socially vulnerable consumers to absorb further price increases is often used as an argument against tariff reform. However, detailed quantitative...Read more

Krishnaswamy, V.

This report reviews the non-payment problems in the electricity sector in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union during the period 1990-1997. In addition, the review also covers the problem of low cash collections and the preference in some countries for the use of cash substitutes such as...Read more

Dünnhoff, E., and Gigli, M.

This publication aimed to be an input for the discussion on a social tariff by looking at the current situation in terms of existing social tariffs and price reductions for low income households. Different proposals for social tariffs are also assessed and compared. Moreover, the publications...Read more

KEMA Consulting

The overall objective of this report is to provide an overview of natural gas pricing issues (distribution and retail) in the EC member states and compare them with the European best practice. It analyses tariff levels, tariff and quality regulations and specific treatments for vulnerable...Read more

Poggi, A. and Florio, M.

The typical ingredients of energy reforms in the European Union (EU) in the 1990s were full or partial privatization, vertical disintegration and liberalization. This paper analyses the effects of energy reforms on the probability of households experiencing deprivation, defined as difficulty in...Read more

Stagnaro, C. et al.

Italian electricity consumers have been free to choose their supplier since 2007, but about 66 percent are still supplied under the so-called maggior tutela, a regulated regime. Italy’s Annual Competition Law states that regulated prices will be phased out by July 1st, 2019. This paper performs...Read more

Chester, L., and Morris, A.

The restructuring of electricity sectors has resulted in households paying significantly higher prices. Some European prices rose by more than 100 per cent between 2000 and 2010. NSW households experienced an 80 per cent increase during the period 2007 to 2012. Growing numbers of low-income and...Read more